Preparation of defense

The defense of a bachelor’s, master’s or doctoral thesis constitutes about one third of its overall assessment and therefore it is good to prepare for it in advance and not underestimate anything. Below we will outline the basic rules to stick to, which can help you to successfully defend your defense, or even improve your proposed trademark.

1) Precise PowerPoint presentation

A quality presentation should be an integral part of any defense. Ideally, it should contain 10 slides, but sometimes each university or college determines their specific number differently. If your university or faculty has its own PowerPoint template for BP or DP defense purposes, work with it. If you do not have such a template or want to present yourself in your own design, try to use at least the school logo.

In the content of the presentation, there should be no introductory information about the author, the tutor and the title of the work. In other slides, briefly describe the issues addressed, the goals of the work, the methods and methodology of the research activity, the results obtained and the final discussion containing the contribution of the work and recommendations for practice. It is also possible to include the questions of the supervisor and the opponent of the report in the presentation. These will be discussed in more detail in point 2. The final picture should be a thank you for your attention.

More tips:

  • Always check the functionality of the presentation before starting the presentation.
  • At the beginning of the presentation, address the present Presidents, Vice-Presidents and Members of the Commission. It is advisable to use a connection like “Dear Mr. President,”
  • Leave the word cotton (just like, actually, so, interjections and others…)
  • Try presentation before friends and measure its length.


2) Answers to questions from the opponent and the supervisor

As soon as your roughly fifteen-minute monologue is over, the commission comes up with some additional questions, which may include other topics that are of interest to individual members of the committee, in addition to questions from opinions. So, to keep you from these issues, it is very important to prepare well in advance. In addition, you have at least one week of defense questions from your testimonials, so you need to be confident and ready to answer. Here are some helpful tips below:

  • Talk when you are asked.
  • Answer the thing, skip the sauce and the cotton wool.
  • Be humble, thank you for your positive comments.
  • Negative comments either argue in fact or acknowledge the mistake and thank them again.
  • Smile.
  • Breathe.

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